IMAGE;S OF DIPALPUR

Monday, November 30, 2015

Bhumman Shah(Kutub-Kot)

Baba Bhumman Shah, (also known as Baba Bhuman Shah, born Bhumia Hassa) is counted among the top Udasi saints of India. He was born on April 14, 1687 CE at Behlolpur village, Deepalpur Tehsil, Okara District, Punjab (Pakistan), in a family reportedly coming of Kamboj lineage. His father Chaudhury Hassa Ram was a Numbardar and a well-known landlord of Behlolpur. Hassa Ram and his wife Mata Rajo Bai were known to be deeply religious and devotees of Guru Nanak as well as of Baba Sri Chand, the founder of the Udasi Panth

Early life

There are several legends and myths connected with Bhumia's early childhood. The story goes that once as a kid, when he was sleeping in his cradle, a cobra came and sat over his chest with his hood spread wide-apart. Mother Rajo was stunned at the scene but as she dared to approach the cradle, the cobra disappeared slowly with no harm to the sleeping kid. Another myth relates to the revival of the dead sparrows; and yet another one deals with restoring to health the lost crops of a poor farmer......so forth and so on. These were taken to be miracles and the peoples from far and wide started to crowd at Bhumia house to have his darshan.
Bhumia went for his schooling at the age of seven. He was very sharp and intelligent student and imbibed the essentials of Hinduism, Sikhism and Islam at a very young age. Besides attending to his religious lessons, Bhumia also performed the worldly chores like grazing cows in the company of other boys of his village. He would take his cows to the forest where he would also carry plenty of food and Jal (water) to run a free-kitchen (Langar) for the passers-by including the ascetics, saints, the poor and the orphans.
Little later, the family would move from Behlolpur to Deepalpur.jai jai baba bhuman shah ji

Initiation

By the age of fifteen, Bhumia had developed a strong aspiration to become a monk. With the permission of his parents he approached Baba Pritam Das of Pakpattan, the prominent Saint of Udasin Panth who initiated him into a Guru-mantra. On being formally initiated and baptized by Baba Pritam Dass, Bhumia himself became Baba Bhumman Shah. Soon afterwards, he started to preach the religious messages which were always accompanied by Kirtan and free-kitchen (Langar).
It is stated that Chaudhury Lakha Wattu, a Muslim Rajput landlord of village Kutub Kot had been arrested for some reasons and was put behind the bars at Lahore by the orders of the Governor of Punjab. Bibi Bakhtawar, Lakha's mother, was a staunch devotee of the Baba. She solicited Baba's blessings for the release of her son and it so happened that Chaudhury Lakha was released from the jail within couple of days. As a result, Lakha and his numerous Muslim relatives from the Wattu tribe also became devoted followers of the Baba. In addition, the tribe also surrendered a village named Kutub-Kot to the Baba which the latter made the centre of his religious activities. dhan baba bhuman shah ji

Life work

Baba Bhumman Shah travelled from village to village to preach his message of love, peaceful coexistence, universal brotherhood, religious-tolerance and equality. He had followers from many denominations including Hindus, Sikhs and Muslems.
Baba also visited the Dargah of Sufi Saint Baba Farid, Golden Temple at Amritsar, and numerous other Sikh and Hindu shrines during his religious itineraries. At village Kutub-Kot, which later became renowned as Dera Baba Bhumman Shah, Baba permanently established the maryada of Kirtan and free kitchen (Langar).
Baba was also a very dedicated Sikh of Guru Gobind Singh. It is told that once, Dashmesh Guru and his Sikh followers were going to Nili Bar when they visited Baba Bhumman Shah and took Langar at the Dera; pleased with Shah's noble mission, Gobind Singh blessed him that his Langar would continue to grow with no shortage of any kind.

Legacy

After carrying out his religious mission for well over 50 years, Baba died in 1762 CE. He was succeeded by Mahant Nirmal Chand who continued his work.
During the times of sixth Mahant Baba Darshan Dass, a British Divisional Commissioner visited the Dera. Impressed by Mahant's personality as well as the Dera-complex and the free-kitchen service (Langar), the Commissioner attached 3000 acres (12 km²) of agricultural land as fief to the shrine (Baba Bhuman Shah by Sant Chandra Swami).
Total landed property in the name of Shrine grew well over 18,000 acres (73 km²) of agricultural land (cf: 18700 acres (76 km²) in the name of Gurudwara Sri Nankana Sahib in Sheikhupura). Besides landed property, there was other moveable/immoveable property in the name of the Dera.

Post-Partition scenario

After partition, due to compulsions of politics, Mahant Girdhari Dass, the Mukh Sewadar of the Dera, shifted his religious headquarters from Pakistan to India. A new Shrine and Dera was established in Sangar Sadan in Sirsa District in Haryana. The total land transferred to the Dera from Pakistan was a meagre 1600 acres (6.5 km²) compared to over 18000 acres (73 km²) in Montgomery. After Mahant Girdhari Dass's death, Baba Mahant Amar Nath Bawa was the mahant of the shrine in Sangar Sadan. At present Baba Braham Dass is the mahant (Gaddinasheen). Mahant Baba Braham Dass Ji is the 12th Mahant of Dera Baba Bhuman Shah Ji Sangar Sarista (Sirsa).
Besides Sangar Sadan, the Hindu devotees of the Baba have also built several temples in his memory in a number of states of northern India as well, where daily worship unto Babaji is offered with faith and love (Baba Bhuman Shah by Sant Chandra Swami).
In Pakistan, this Dera was considered the richest with huge property attached to it in pre-partition times.[4]
The spiritual and pragmatic teachings of Baba Bhuman Shah have been presented in the form of aphorisms in a booklet by his ardent devotee, Sage Chandra Swami, with a focus on true goal of life as well as the right means for its achievement. These teachings are in complete concordance with Baba's own divine life.

Thursday, November 19, 2015

Basirpur بصِيرپُور

Basirpur (Urdu: بصِيرپُور‎), is a town of Okara District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is part of Depalpur Tehsil
It is around 90 (km) south west of Lahore. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan it had a population of 59,781. The population mainly relies on agriculture as their main source of livelihood although a number of people work in offices and some are businessmen. Syed Chhachhar Arain, Rajputs, Wattu, Klasson, Pathan,Mirza and the [JUTT GEHLAN] THE POPULATION OF MOZA GEHLAN WAS NOT MORE THEN 500 BUT THE EDUCTION IS IMPORTANT FOR THEM SOME OF THE FAMOUS PERSONALIES ARE CHAUDHRY ABDUL SATTAR GEHLAN (EX DIRECTOR IN COUSTOM) and MIAN ANVER JAVED ANJUM (CHIEF ADMINSTATOR) basirpur is famous for its fertile lands, peaceful natural environment and green fields of potato, wheat, rice, cucumber, sugar and maize crops. Near about eighty villages are linked with the town like Tahar Kalaan, Chorasta Mian Khan,Saba Wala, Rukan Pura, Gulsher Gulsher Ruhela and Klasson Hameed. It is also known for the wide variety of culture reflecting the traditions and customs of the area. Melas (fairs) in the month of 'Saawan' are notable among these traditions where different types of games are played on the drum-beat and shops of sweets and toys etc are decorated. Dairy and fruit products are the identical mark of the area. The nearest towns are Haveli Lakha, Hujrah Shah Muqeem and Mandi Ahmed Abad. Basirpur was declared as a notified area of Town Committee, later it gained the status of Municipal Committee.

BASIR PUR FORT



Tuesday, November 17, 2015

Sulemanki

Sulemanki Headworks is a head works on the River Sutlej in the Punjab province of Pakistan.
Sulemanki Headworks is used for irrigation and flood control.
Sulemanki Headworks is part of the Sutlej Valley Project completed between 1922-1927 at the behest of the Nawab of Bahawalpur, Amir Sadiq Mohammed Khan V and the British Government. It was an irrigation scheme to develop the neighbouring areas.
More specifically, the construction of the Pakpattan Canal took place in British Punjab in 1925 to on the right bank of the Sulemanki Headworks. This was undertaken to develop the Nilli bar colony in the south of Punjab.
This head works is located about a mile from the Indian border on the Sutlej River. From here originate three major canals which supply irrigation water to a large area in Southern Punjab and the Bahawalnagar district. The Upper Pakpattan Canal arises from its right bank and two canals arise from the left. The canals on the left bank are Fordwah and Eastern Sadiqia Canal. The later canal runs along the Pakistan-India border. After 46 miles at Jalwala headworks, Eastern Sadiqia Canal trifurcates into Sirajwah distributary, Malik Branch Canal and Hakara Branch Canal. Hakara branch runs in a southwesterly direction for another 75 miles and is at few places it is a few meters from the Indian border. According to Pakistan army it provides a major defensive landmark against any possible Indian intrusion. Therefore, it is of a significant strategic importance.
About ten miles upriver from the Sulemanki Headworks the Baloki-Sulemanki Link Canal has its outfall connecting the Ravi River to the Sutlej River and thus offsetting the loss of water to India as agreed upon in Indus Basin Water Treaty of 1960. According to that treaty, three Eastern rivers, Ravi, Sutlej and Beas are allocated for the exclusive use of India before they enter Pakistan.
In accordance with the popularity of Retreat Ceremony at other Indo-Pakistan border crossings such as at Wagah and Hussainiwala near Lahore, a smaller ceremony also takes place here at the check point Sadki by Pakistan Rangers and Indian Border Security Force. It attracts a sizable number of tourists on both sides. 
In fact the small hilltop Pakistani check point of Sadki was transferred to the Pakistani control by India by a treaty signed on January 17, 1961. Pakistan needed to have border adjustments for efficient operation of the Headworks which was not possible otherwise. In return Pakistan ceded a part of its territory to India. That territory in itself is noteworthy for the memorial constructed in memory of Bhaghat Singh, a freedom fighter who was executed by the colonial British government.


SADIQIA & FORD WAH CANALS
RIVER  SATLUJ
Major Shabbir Sharif, a Pakistani officer, the elder brother of General Raheel Sharif, Chief 
 of Pakistan Army Staff was MARTYR in 1971 India-Pakistan War in this border
region. He was posthumously awarded Nishan-Haider the highest Pakistani military honor for bravery.





Sunday, November 15, 2015

HAVELI LAKHA

Haveli Lakha

Haveli Lakha (Punjabi,Urdu: حویلی لكهّا‎) is a city in Depalpur Tehsil of Okara District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is located around 158 km (98.4 miles) south west of Lahore.
Head Sulaimanki  is located around 18 km from Haveli Lakha.
Haveli Lakha is part of Depalpur Tehsil and is administratively subdivided into three Union councils. Haveli is famous for its Reed Stools and Hubble Bubble which are sent to numerous other cities of Punjab and even to Karachi.
A INDIAN PLANE SHUT DOWN BY PAK ARMY IN HAVELI (SULEMANKI SECTOR)

According to the 2009 census it had a population of 141,741. Haveli Lakha has been politically significant as it has produced people of such high stature as Mian Muhammad Yasin Wattoo (former Federal Minister of Finance from village Jamal Kot)& Mian Manzoor Ahmad (Former CM & Speaker of punjab) Haveli Lakha. It is significant for its strategic location as it is the last major town of Lahore Division at the border of Bahawalnagar District, formerly under the State of Bahwalpur. It serves as a major connecting point between Lahore and remote areas of South Eastern Punjab like Haroon Abad, Bahawalnagar, Chisthian and Fort Abbas. Located on formerly Delhi-Multan road, it is also Pakistan's first and key major town from Sulemanki sector border with India. The town remained a strategic point in pre-independence era as it served as road pivot and as a railway junction linking Delhi to Lahore-Kasur-Multan route. However, after the independence of Pakistan in 1947, it lost its strategic status and have not developed at par with the other towns of the Lahore Division. Town Planning remains one of the biggest challenges of the area.
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History

There is a tradition about the name "Haveli Lakha"; the town was founded by Lakha who had his Mansion  here. The passengers used to stay there. As this mansion was near then Delhi-Multan Road, so it got the name "the Haveli of Lakha" which gradually became "Haveli Lakha".
The Old Name Of "Haveli Lakha" is "Gehal Singh"




Tuesday, September 22, 2015

Khokhar

The Khokhar are people from the Punjab region of Pakistan and northwestern India. The Khokhars were designated as an agricultural tribe and are usually classified as Jat and Rajput. The term agricultural tribe, according to the Punjab Land Alienation Act, 1900, was at that time synonymous with that of martial race.

History

Sultan Shahabuddin Ghori undertook many campaigns against the Khokhar in Punjab before he was killed by the Khokhars of the Salt Range in March 1206.
In 1240 AD, Razia, the daughter of Shams-ud-din Iltutmish, and her husband, Altunia, attempted to recapture the throne from her brother, Muizuddin Bahram Shah. She is reported to have led an army composed mostly of mercenaries from the Khokhar tribe of Punjab.
In 1246-7, Balban mounted an expedition as far as the Salt Range to chastise the Khokhars. His last campaign was undertaken with the objective of subjugating the turbulent Khokhars of the Salt Range.
Although Lahore was reoccupied by Delhi, it remained in ruins for the next twenty years, being attacked multiple times by the Mongols or by their Khokhar allies. Around the same time, a Mongol commander named Hulechu occupied Lahore in alliance with Khokhar chief Raja Gulchand, the erstwhile ally of Muhammad's father.

Jasrath Khokhar

Raja Jasrath Khokhar (sometimes Jasrat or Dashrath) was the son of Shaikha Khokhar. He became leader of the Khokhars after the death of Tamerlane, after escaping from prison with the intent to take leadership. He supported Shahi Khan in the war for control of Kashmir against his brother Ali Shah and was rewarded for his victory. Later, he attempted to conquer Delhi, taking advantage of the death of Khizr Khan. The scheme met with partial success as he won campaigns at Talwandi and Jullundur, but was hampered by the seasonal rains in his attempt to take over Sirhind.

Modern era

In reference to the British Raj's recruitment policies in the Punjab, vis-à-vis the British Indian Army, Tan Tai Yong remarks:
The choice of Muslims was not merely one of physical suitability. As in the case of the Sikhs, recruiting authorities showed a clear bias in favor of the dominant landowning tribes of the region, and recruitment of Punjabi Muslims was limited to those who belonged to tribes of high social standing or reputation - the "blood proud" and once politically dominant aristocracy of the tract. Consequently, socially dominant Muslim tribes such as the Gakkhars, Janjuas and Awans, and a few Rajput tribes, concentrated in the Rawalpindi and Jhelum districts, ... accounted for more than ninety per cent of Punjabi Muslim recruits.

Bhati

Bhati (also spelled Bhatti) is a clan of Gurjars, Rajputs of Chandravanshi origin, and Jats found in the Indian Subcontinent.
Some Bhatis were nomadic cattle-keepers. In the years preceding the Indian rebellion of 1857, these groups lost land by decisions made by the British East India Company, which assigned to Jat peasants grazing lands formerly frequented by the Bhatis in the Delhi and Haryana regions. The British were not enamoured of nomadic tribes, whom they thought exacted protection in the areas that they visited, and the policies of land reform were designed in part to limit this mobility.
At least some of the Bhati Rajput of Rajasthan practised female infanticide between 1883-1998. One princess, a daughter of the Hindu Bhati Rajput ruling family in Dipalpur, was married to Salar Rajab, a Muslim ruler, and gave birth to Firuz Shah Tughlaq. This was one of several examples of inter-religious royal marriage alliances during the period of Turkic Muslim rule in India. Rajput Bhati princesses were also married into the royal family of Jodhpur.

Monday, December 31, 2012

Ameer Khusro and Depalpur
Depalpur which is known as the oldest living city in the subcontinent after Multan and Peshawar. Historians claim it has been in existence for 2,100 years, i.e. presumably as old as Harappa. The town was the provincial capital of the Tughlaq dynasty and saw its years of glory under their rule. In the 13th and 14th centuries Depalpur, with its strong citadel, acted as the frontier fortress to Delhi and played a significant role in the defence of the subcontinent against the Mongol invasions. Amir Khusro, the celebrated poet and musician, fought against the Mongol hordes and was imprisoned in this historic fort for some time.


Daud Bandagi Kirmani

Daud Bandagi Kirmani

Shajar-e-Nasab
Hazrat Daud Bandagi was the 28th descendant of Musa Al-Mubarqa the son of Imam Muhammad al-Taqi ibne Imam Ali al-Rida.
Education
After receiving formal religious instruction in Dipalpur and Lahore at the hands of eminent scholars of the time, Shaikh Daud decided to get all worldly and material pursuits.
Spiritual Education
Shaikh Daud, in the quest of spiritual enlightenment, spent a lot of time in great worship. Shaikh Daud belonged to Awaisi tariqat, that is, without any direct teacher or murshid, he later joined the Qadiri silsila at the hands of Shaikh Hamid Gillani at Satghara.
Village of Shergarh
After formally becoming a member of the influential Qadiri Silsilah, Daud Bandagi Kirmani established his khankah in the remote village of Shergarh (District Okara, Pakistan), present between Lahore and Multan. Shergarh at that time was part of the Chunian, subsequently Shergarh became the center of the Qadiri Silsila and the saints Khankah began to attract thousands of people from all walks of life.
Muslim historian 'Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni 
The famous 16th century Muslim historian 'Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni went to Shergarh in AD 1572. He lived there for four days. The detailed account of his visit along with a biography of the saint is preserved in Volume II and III of his famous work, Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh.
Mughal Emperor Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar
According to Badaoni, the Mughal Emperor Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar when visited Pakpattan passed through Shergarh and after hearing about the sanctity and influence of the saint was desirous of meeting him. Akbar sent General Shahbaz Khan Kamboh, an important nobleman of the court, to the khankah in order to obtain permission from the saint. Shaikh Daud, who never associated with those who possessed worldly power or wealth, sent Shahbaz Khan back with the message that he (Shaikh Daud) always remembered the Emperor in his prayers and thus there was no need for him (the Emperor) to come physically in his presence for the purpose of prayer and benediction.

It is the great spiritual power of Hazrat Daud Bandagi, who converted a large number of Hindu Jat and Rajput tribes of the Punjab to Islam. Some of the tribes converted either fully or partially by the saint are, Chatta's, Cheema's, Virks, Hanjra, Dehotar, Warraich, Gurhai, Maan and Sansi in District Gujaranwala. In District Sialkot, Bajwa's, Basra's, Cheema's, Ghumman's, Kahlon's, Gurhai, Sahi and Sindhu. In district Sahiwal, Ihrar's, Haan's, Hutiana's, Majhiana's and Murdanay Baluch.

Saturday, January 30, 2010

DIPALPUR


                             SIKH,S IN DIPALPUR


DIPALPUR CITY

Depalpur Tehsil

Capital  DIPALPUR
Towns  4
Union councils 55

Dipalpur is a town in the Okara District of the Punjab, Pakistan. It is situated 25 kilometres from the district capital Okara on a bank of the Beas River in Bari Doab. The town is notable for being the site of several battles in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries and is also associated with the history of the Bhatti clan.
Ancient History
Coins from the Saka (Scythian) period found in the area suggest that it was inhabited as early as 100 BC. After Multan, this is probably the oldest continuously occupied site on the subcontinent.
General Alexander Cunningham writes that the area was mentioned in the works of Ptolemy under several different names. According to local legend, Dipalpur got its name from Raja Dipa Chand when he captured the city.Dipalpur was the first fortification on the route from the Khyber Pass to Delhi.
                                         TAMPLE OF DIPALPUR IN BRITSH RULE

Mongols
Dipalpur gained fame as an outpost that played a significant part in defending the Delhi Sultanate against the Mongol invasions of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.
In 1285, Shahid Khan, son of Emperor Balban, was killed in a bloody battle against the Mongols and the famous poet Amir Khusro was taken prisoner. The tomb where Muhammad Tughlaq is interred may still be seen in an isolated part of the city, although it has become rather dilapidated.


Ghazi Malik

Under Ala-ud-din the town became the headquarters of Ghazi Malik (also known as Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq). Firuz Shah Tughluq made a royal visit to the town in the fourteenth century. Mughal Emperor Akbar made it the headquarters of one of the sarkars (revenue districts) of Multan Province.
Mughal King Akbar
The Mughal king Akbar, along with his son Saleem and royal entourage, stayed in Dipalpur when he came to pay homage to Saint Hazrat Farid Ghang Shakar in 1578. Akbar named the corridor Bari Doab by combining the syllables of the names of the two rivers, Beas and Ravi, that bounded the area. Baba Guru Nanak also stayed in Dipalpur for some time. The ruins of a Gurudwara mark the place.


                    MUGHAL EMPEROR AKBAR'S VISIT OF DIPALPUR
Partition
The town dwindled in importance during the British Raj. It had a significant number of Hindus before the partition of India, which dispersed most of them. It is now a market town and the capital of the local tehsil.
Historical Architecture
In the past, Dipalpur was surrounded by a fortified wall, rising to the height of 25 feet and strengthened by a deep trench. When and by whom this wall was constructed is not known, but it was renovated, repaired and improved during the rule of Firoz Shah Tughluq and later by Abdur Rahim Khan-e-Khanan, who was the governor during the time of Akbar. Firoz Shah Tughluq constructed a grand mosque and palaces. He also excavated a canal from the river Sutlej to irrigate gardens around the town.
Wide and airy tunnels linked the royal residential quarters inside the fort to the adjoining gardens outside. There were 24 burgs (musketry holes) on the fortification wall, 24 mosques, 24 bavlis (ponds) and 24 wells at the town's peak. The trench, ponds and tunnels have been filled in , but in some places the location of the trench can still be defined. Most of the wall has been razed. Two of the four massive gateways with pointed arches also exist though they are badly damaged and their wooden doors have vanished. Later coats of cement have marred the original architecture of the gateways.
                       DEHLI GATE (BASIRPUR GATE / QUAID-E-AZAM GATE)
                        MULTANI GATE (PAKPATAN GATE / BAAB-E-ROSHAN)
Hindu Monastery
Besides doors with decorated latches, Jharokhas, bay windows and cut brick works, the most noticeable feature inside old Dipalpur is the monastery of Lal Jas Raj, a guru much venerated by the local people.
According to the famous legend, Lal Jas Raj was the young son of Raja Dipa Chand, the founder of Dipalpur. He sank into the earth due to a curse by his stepmother Rani Dholran. Raja Dipa Chand constructed this monastery in the memory of his son. Today, the chamber is dilapidated, the doors are jammed and a stairway is used for storage. The structure itself is crumbling. According to local residents, there used to be a grand annual "Mela" held here. It was also used by Hindus as a place to perform the Sardukahr (head-shaving ritual) until the partition, but "nobody comes anymore".
Inn
Another notable structure in the old section of Dipalpur is a saray (inn) near the monastery of Lal Jas Raj. It was a spacious building with airy rooms on four sides, a big courtyard in the centre and four arched entrances. The inn, like most of the older structures in town, is now in a state of disrepair. It has been divided and subdivided so many times by successive occupants that the original shapes are obscured. Even the verandas have been converted to create rooms.
Saints
 LAL JAS RAJ INN (SRA'AYE)



Hujra Shah Muqeem.


Many Muslim saints have come to preach in this area. Hazrat Bahawal Haq commonly known as Bahawal Sher Qalandar came from Baghdad and settled in the village of Patharwall near Dipalpur. The saint constructed a hujra (small living room) and a mosque outside the village. His grandson Hazrat Shah Muqeem continued his mission. The village came to be known as Hujra Shah Muqeem. This is the place mentioned in the famous Punjabi love story Mirza Saheban, although there is no historical evidence that Jati Sahiba(Mirza Sahiba) came here and prayed that "The streets should desert when where my lover Mirza roams about".



Firuz Shah Tughlaq

Dynasty Tughlaq Dynasty Religious beliefs Islam
Preceded byMuhammad bin Tughluq
Sultan of Delhi1351-1388
Succeeded byGhiyas-ud-Din Tughluq II


Firoz Shah Tughlaq ( فروز شاہ تغلق,  फ़िरोज़ शाह तुग़लक़), 1309 - 1388 in Delhi, was a Muslim ruler of the Tughlaq Dynasty from 1351 to 1388. He was the son of a Hindu Rajput princess of Dipalpur.His father's name was Razzab (the younger brother of Gazi Malik). Gazi Malik means Gayasuddin Tughluq. He succeeded his cousin Muhammad bin Tughluq following the later's death from a fatal illness, but due to widespread unrest Firuz's realm was much smaller than Muhammed's. Firuz was forced by rebellions to concede virtual independence to Bengal and other provinces. He was known as an iconoclast.BiographyUnder his rule, Hindu Brahmins were exempted from paying mandatory tax Jizya levied on Hindus.Firoz probably learnt many lessons from his cousin Muhammad's rule. He decided not to reconquer areas that had broken away. He decided to keep nobles and the Ulema happy so that they would allow him to rule his kingdom peacefully. In fact, there were hardly any rebellions during his rule. We come to know about him from a 32-page brochure he wrote. Firoz allowed a noble's son to succeed to his father's position and jagir after his death. The same was done in the army, where an old soldier could send his son, son-in-law or even his slave in his place. He won over the Ulemas by giving them grants of revenue, which gave him political power. He increased the salary of the nobles. He stopped all kinds of harsh punishments such as cutting off hands. Firoz also lowered the land taxes that Muhammad had raised. Firuz's reign has been described as the greatest age of corruption in medieval India. It can be imagined from the fact that Firuz once gave a golden tanka to a distraught soldier so that he could bribe the clerk to pass his sub standard horse. The case of Imadulmulk Bashir, the minister of war who began his career as an inherited slave of Firuz, in course of his service is said to have accumulated wealth to the tune of thirteen crores, when the state's yearly income was six crores and seventy-five lakh tankas.Feroze Shah's tomb with adjoining madrasa, in Hauz Khas Complex, DelhiHe was the first Muslim ruler to think of the material welfare of his people. Many rest houses, gardens and tombs were built. A number of madrasas (Islamic schools which provided Koranic education) were opened to encourage literacy. He set up hospitals for the free treatment of the poor. He provided money for the marriage of girls belonging to poor families. He commissioned many public buildings in Delhi. He built over 300 villages and dug 5 major canals for irrigation bringing more land under cultivation for growing grain and fruit.Hindu religious works were translated from Sanskrit to Persian. He had a large personal library of manuscripts in Persian, Arabic and other languages. He brought 2 Ashokan Pillars from Meerut and Topara, carefully wrapped in silk, to Delhi. He re-erected one of them in his palace at Firoz Shah Kotla.He had about 180,000 slaves, who had been brought from all over the country, trained in various arts and crafts. They however turned out to be undependable. Transfer of capital was the highlight of his reign. When the Qutb Minar struck by lightning in 1368 AD, knocking off its top storey, it was replaced by the existing two floors by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, faced with white marble.Firoz Shah's death led to many rebellions. His lenient attitude had weakened the sultan's position. His successor Ghiyas-ud-Din Tughluq II could not control the slaves or the nobles. The army had become weak. Slowly the empire shrank in size. Ten years after his death, Timur's invasion devastated Delhi.

Gurudwara Bhuman Shah
Dipalpur Distt Okara
This village called Bhuman Shah is in the Jurisdiction of P.S. and Tehsil Dipalpur of district Okara. It is located at a distance of 24 kilometers from Dipalpur on Dipalpur-Haveli Lakha road. According to Bhai Kahan Singh Ji, Dashmesh Ji had given blessing to Bhai Bhuman, Shah that his langar would continue serving.The shrine is built in the style of a big fort and inside this fort-like structure the Gurdwara of Baba Sri Chand, residence of Baba Bhuman Shah , the Samadh of various Mahants are located alongwith hundreds of rooms for visitors, langarkhana and the tank.There are four big gates to enter this shrine and the walls are decorated with colourful pictures the sayings of Gurus. More than 1000 Ghumaon of agricultural land is endowed to shrine. This building is now in charge of the Evacuee Waqf Board. The present condition of the building is miserable, the walls have developed cracks and the roofs have collapsed. In case this building collapses in the time to come an invaluable treasure of art will also be destroyed with it.



                                   BHUMAN SHAH
                         GURUDWARA AT BHUMAN SHAH
            SIKH ART IN GURUDWARA BHUMAN SHAH
                    GURUDWARA AT BHUMAN SHAH

Discovering Dipalpur 

By Asghar Javed
April 6, 2003

Once the centre stage of many battles for centuries, Dipalpur is now a quite town situated on the banks of old River Beas in Bari-Doab region. It is famous as an outpost that has played a significant part in the defence of the kingdom of Delhi against Mongol invasions in the 13th and 14th centuries
 The coins of the Sakas (Scythian) period found in Dipalpur suggest that the place was inhabited in 100BC. After Multan, this is probably the oldest living city in South Asia. General Alexander Cunningham writes that the place figures out in the works of Ptolemy under different names. As per the tradition, Dipalpur was named after Raja Dipa Chand once he captured it.In 1285, Muhammad Tughlaq, son of Emperor Balban, was killed in a bloody battle with the Mongols and the famous poet Amir Khusuro was taken prisoner in Dipalpur. The dilapidated tomb of Muhammad Tughlaq stands neglected today. Under Ala-ud-Din, the town became the headquarters of Ghazi Malik. The Mughal Emperor Akbar made it the headquarters of one of the sarkars (revenue district) of the Multan province. The town was relegated to neglect during the colonial period. Partition led to changes and it is now a market town and tehsil headquarters of Okara district.A fortification wall surrounded Dipalpur in the past, which was strengthened by a deep trench and other defences. Feroz Shah Tughlaq constructed a grand mosque, palaces and excavated a canal from River Sutlaj to inundate the trench and irrigate gardens around the town. Wide and airy tunnels linked the royal residential quarters inside the fort to the adjoining gardens outside.There were 24 burgs (musketry holes) on the fortification wall, 24 mosques, 24 ponds and 24 wells in the town in its hay days.
The trench, ponds and tunnels have been filled but at places the location of the trench can still be defined. The fortification wall has vanished. Only two of the four massive gateways, with pointed arches, exist, though they are badly damaged and are without their wooden doors now.The old part of the town is now a jungle of houses and the remains of the once magnificent buildings of bygone days, adorned with beautiful wood engravings, can be seen in a few places. The narrow and winding streets lined by redeveloped and shoddily built new houses give Dipalpur a murky look.The most noticeable feature in old Dipalpur is a huge building that used to be a saray (inn). It was a spacious building with airy rooms on four sides, a big courtyard in the centre and four arched entrances. The interior of the inn is dark and has been divided and subdivided by its occupants so many times that one cannot make out its original layout. Even the verandas have been clogged to create additional rooms.Near the inn is the monastery of Lal Jas Raj, a guru much venerated by the Hindus. The dilapidated and empty chamber stands infested with bats and rats. Termite is eating its woodwork. One cannot open the doors to the chamber because they are jammed and a stairway is serving as storage for dried dung cakes kept by the neighbours.Baba Guru Nanak also stayed in
Dipalpur for sometime. A completely ruined Gurdawara is indicative of the place where Guru Nanak stayed. Muslim saints also came to this area. Hazrat Bahawal Haq, commonly known as Bahawal Sher Qalandar, came from Baghdad and settled in a nearby village. Grandson of the saint Hazrat Shah Muqeem continued
his mission. The village came to be known as Hujra Shah Muqeem — the place that is mentioned in the
famous Punjabi folk love story Mirza Saheban. However, there is no historical evidence that Jati Saheban came here.Dipalpur was declared as a notified area in 1949, and then raised to the status of Municipal Committee. Now it is a typical Pakistani town with all the hazards of urbanization: congestion, mixed traffic, encroachments, potholed roads and piles of domestic waste. The authorities do not seem to notice the plight of the residents, particularly those living in the old part of the city.The challenge of restoring ancient Dipalpur to its old magnificence might be too much to expect, but a survey could at least be carried out to record the places having essential, historic, social and architectural value.


MANDI AHMADABAD (MANDI HERA SINGH)

Mandi Ahmadabad ( منڈی احمد آباد‎), previously called Mandi Hira Singh is a town of Dipalpur Tehsil in Okara district in the Punjab province of Pakista This city was renamed in 1993 by the Government of the Punjab in respect for Services of Mirza Ahmad Baig Famous local politician. It is a Union Council, an administrative subdivision, of Depalpur Tehsil and is part of the NA-147 constituency of the National Assembly.
MANDI AHMADABAD REST HOUSE